Yoga and Meditation
Yoga the science of man, based on ancient Indian wisdom and culture, is an art of living a healthy, balance, peaceful and contended life. Yoga, being a total integrated system, studies in man in wholeness - Body, mind and spirit and is integrated to certain principles, ideas, values. attitudes and a way of life for personal and social benefits. Conceived by the great sages in their quest for self - realisation, it has come to be recognized during its long travels from the hermitage to the cities, as the science of man, philosophy of life, a code of conduct and attitude and on approach, as well as on art of living, which is capable not only of ensuring physical well - being, mental peace, harmony, moral elevation but also the spiritual uplifts of man. It must however be kept in mind that is a long and arduous journey calling for preservance, persistence, dedication and total surrender. There is no Instant Yoga. It is not a question of mere closing one's eyes or of sitting in a posture. it involves cultivation of an attitude and approach to life. It must not only be a philosophy to be imbibed but a practical philosophy to be lived. It is therefore, not enough to think of Yoga but to do it and to live in our lives. It also necessary to understand that Yoga is not a substitute for action. Human effort is indispensable. The transformation is not at the cost of action but to enable us to perform our duties more efficiently, more effectively and honestly.
Yoga had recognised and accepted the importance of the mind and the subconscious over the total human personality much earlier than modern psychology did in its present form. Yoga is step wise, stage wise eight fold path to final liberation from pain and suffering. These steps progressively take us to the highest state of creativity, of discriminative knowledge and toward attaining the desired perfection.
The Eight Steps are:
YAMA- Conditional yoga behaviour, personal and social
NIYAMA - Attitude sublimate to yoga norms
ASANA - Discipline of the physical body
PRANAYAMA - Control over bio energy through respiratory action
PRATHYAHARA - Withdrawal of the senses inwards though abstraction
DHARANA - Concentration
DHYANA - Meditation
SAMADI - Transconsciousness
Yoga is based on a deep understanding of man and his position in this world and was the first system evolved in the world to recognise the connection and interaction between body and mind. It studies in depth the very structure of the human personality, through analysis of the psychological complexities and the course of human pain, sorrow and suffering. It has laid down psychosomatic means through its variuos psycho-physiological process for dealing with the Body-Mind complex and tries to harmonise and integrate the human personality of all levels and stages of life.
Yoga is basically a way of life which has been evolved as a system to go beyond the personality complex and achieve absolute freedom-liberation of the spirit from the matter.
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